New report from the Swedish "Defence Materiel Agency". (FMV)
Today I got reply from Abraham Langlet (FMV)
A report which, according to my knowledge is not always published openly. The report is regarding nickel and hydrogen reactions.
"No abnormal heat generation could be perceived."
Jan Erik Nowacki
Reactions with nickel and hydrogen.PDF (Members, download from lenr-forum)
The energy situation in the world demands that all possible new energy forms should be investigated. The Swedish Defence
Materiel Administration, FMV has therefore financed some very rudimentary experiments with nickel and hydrogen, trying to experimentally reproduce the excess heating power clashed by Andrea Rossi and Sergio Focardi and described e.g. in the Swedish technical newspaper Ny Teknik.
Four different reactor chambers were built, in which different forms of nickel were tested in contact with hydrogen at different pressures and temperatures. Some of the nickel samples also contained other metal as "catalysts" like lithium, potassium and irons. In some of our samples the nickel was e.g In micrometer large crystal grains, In other samples the nickel was In the form of nanometer grains embedded in zirconium oxide. Contacts were taken with many active researchers in the field, including Andrea Rossi, asking for guidance to find a functioning solution. Andrea Rossi could not reveal his catalyst for us but thought that we would get a small indicative response using just pure nickel and hydrogen. He also mentioned that a hydrogen pressure of at least 200 bar and a temperature of 500 °C was necessary in order to see any effect without the catalyst. Piantelli, who is another researcher in the field has stated that "No catalyst is necessary. The trick is In the preparation of the nickel".
Neither significant excess heats nor any radiation indicating nuclear reactions, have however been detected in our experiments. We can though not completely exclude that a reaction, resulting in a very small power output, took place.
While searching for information over the Internet we stumbled over the aneutronic reactions. They are not on the main line for research about future nuclear power, but the field could possibly be explored at a reasonable price.
One such aneutronic reaction IS e.g. lithium liquid bombarded by protons
7Li + 1p -> 2 4He + 17.35 MeV
Lord Rutherford's students Cockcrow and Walton verified experimentally such reactions in 1932 and the yield for each reaction could be 100 - 500 times more energy output than the energy input invested in the bombarding particle. The problem using lithium In its solid state was though the low probability for a nuclear reaction to occur (low CrOSS section). The same processes, then using liquid lithium have however been claimed lo produce a much higher reaction probability . If it is large
enough fur practical nuclear energy purposes remains to be proven,
For a more common use of nuclear energy the aneutronic reactions have the advantage of not creating large amounts of
radioactive waste. Some more thoughts about this are at the end of this report (Chapter 5). If other independent researchers cannot repeat the Focardi/Rossi